archaeology
An Earthquake Damaged a Pyramid in Mexico – and Exposed an Aztec Temple Hidden Below

On September 19, 2017, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck central Mexico, killing nearly 370 people. But something good has come from this tragic event: The quake damaged an ancient pyramid, revealing a previously unknown Aztec temple underneath. Read More >>

archaeology
Ötzi the Iceman’s Final Meal Was Surprisingly Hearty

Since the discovery of his mummified body nearly 30 years ago, Ötzi the Iceman has provided scientists with heaps of information about Copper Age Europeans. An updated analysis of his stomach contents is providing a glimpse into the iceman’s final meal, which was remarkably high in fats. Read More >>

archaeology
Discovery of Stone Tools in China Shows Early Humans Left Africa Over 2 Million Years Ago

Archaeologists working in the Shangchen region of China have uncovered dozens of stone tools, the oldest of which date back 2.1 million years, making them the earliest known evidence of a human presence outside of Africa. Read More >>

science
A Toddler Who Lived 3 Million Years Ago Could Walk Upright and Capably Climb Trees

A re-analysis of a three-million-year-old fossil suggests Australopithecus afarensis, an early hominid, had children who were as capable on two feet as they were in the trees—an important discovery that’s shedding new light on this critical stage in hominid evolution. Read More >>

archaeology
Skull of Crushed Pompeii Victim Found ‘Intact’

Last month, archaeologists in Italy found the skeletal remains of a Pompeii resident who apparently had his head crushed by a giant rock while fleeing the eruption some 2,000 years ago. The victim’s skull has now been recovered, and its surprisingly pristine condition suggests an alternative cause of death. Read More >>

archaeology
Incredible Website Shows Amsterdam’s History Through 700,000 Pieces of Old Rubbish

Rivers in cities can easily fill with heaps full of rubbish, lost things, and industrial waste. But if the city has been around for a while, all of that rubbish can tell an incredible story. Read More >>

archaeology
Extinct Gibbon Species Found in Tomb of Ancient Chinese Noblewoman

A certain Chinese noblewoman — potentially Lady Xia, grandmother to the first emperor of China — had a menagerie buried with her in her tomb: a leopard, a crane, an asiatic black bear, a lynx, and, most notably, a gibbon. That gibbon was part of newly identified, now-extinct genus and species, researchers reported Thursday. The existence of a previously unknown gibbon that lived just 2,200 years ago suggests that throughout history, humans may have caused even more ape extinctions than we thought. Read More >>

archaeology
Final Days of Ötzi the Iceman Revealed Through New Analysis of His Tools

Ötzi the Iceman is the gift that keeps on giving. Found embedded in a glacier in 1991, the 5,300-year-old mummy has offered unprecedented insights into Copper Age Europe. A new analysis of Ötzi’s equipment shows what he was up to in the hours before an archer drove an arrow straight into his back. Read More >>

science
Human Activity Has Been Chemically Changing the Earth Since Well Before the Industrial Revolution

It’s no secret that modern humans, with our fuel-burning cars, massive ranching and agriculture practices, and penchant for disposable goods, have had a huge impact on nearly every environment across the globe. But new research shows that even our ancestors in the Bronze Age changed the chemistry of the soils they farmed over 2,000 years ago. It’s some of the earliest evidence of humans having a lasting environmental impact on planet Earth. Read More >>

archaeology
These Are the Oldest Known Footprints on the Planet

An international team of researchers is claiming to have discovered the world’s oldest footprints. Dating back a whopping 550 million years and found in a limestone bed in China, the prints were made by an unknown sea creature. Read More >>

archaeology
Ingenious Technique Explains How Easter Island Statues May Have Gotten Their Giant Hats

Some of Easter Island’s moai statues are adorned with large red hats, the heaviest of which weigh as much as 13 tonnes. Archaeologists have struggled to understand how these hats were positioned atop the iconic heads, but a new explanation may finally hold the answer—and it’s surprisingly simple. Read More >>

archaeology
Something Completely Unexpected Happened to the First Settlers of South America

As the last Ice Age was coming to an end, and as the first settlers arrived in North America, two distinct populations emerged. One of these groups would eventually go on to settle South America, but as new genetic evidence shows, these two ancestral groups — after being separated for thousands of years — had an unexpected reunion. The finding is changing our conceptions of how the southern continent was colonised and by whom. Read More >>

archaeology
Ancient Egyptian Mummified ‘Hawk’ Is Actually a Stillborn Human Baby

High-resolution micro-CT scanning has shown that an Egyptian mummy thought to be a bird is really a stillborn human baby, a surprising discovery that’s providing a rare glimpse into the complex cultural practices that existed some 2,100 years ago. Read More >>

archaeology
Pompeii Resident Had His Head Crushed by a Giant Stone While Fleeing Eruption

Mount Vesuvius at Pompeii erupted in 79 AD, killing scores of the city’s inhabitants and famously locking many of them in the positions of their death throes. New excavations at the Royal V site, the so-called “Cuneo” area, have yielded another extraordinary scene, one that ended in tragedy for an individual as he struggled to find safety amid the unfolding chaos. Read More >>

archaeology
A Bizarre Bone Ritual Followed a Grisly Iron Age Battle in Denmark

To the victor go the spoils, or in some cases, the bodies of a vanquished enemy, as the discovery of remnants from an Iron Age battle in Denmark demonstrates. Read More >>